How to Install Debian Packages on CentOS with Slitaz
If you are using CentOS as your Linux distribution, you may encounter some situations where you need to install a package that is only available in the Debian format (.deb). For example, you may want to use a software that is not in the official CentOS repositories, or you may need a newer version of a package that is outdated in CentOS.
One way to install Debian packages on CentOS is to use Slitaz, a lightweight and portable Linux distribution that can run from a USB stick or a CD-ROM. Slitaz can convert Debian packages to RPM format, which is compatible with CentOS, and then install them on your system.
In this article, we will show you how to use Slitaz to install Debian packages on CentOS. We will assume that you have a working CentOS system and a Slitaz ISO image downloaded from https://www.slitaz.org/en/get/.
Step 1: Boot Slitaz from USB or CD-ROM
The first step is to boot Slitaz from a USB stick or a CD-ROM. You can use any tool that can create a bootable media from an ISO image, such as Rufus or Etcher. Alternatively, you can burn the ISO image to a CD-ROM using your preferred software.
Once you have created the bootable media, insert it into your CentOS system and restart it. You may need to change the boot order in your BIOS settings to boot from the USB or CD-ROM. When you see the Slitaz menu, choose the default option and press Enter.
Step 2: Convert Debian Package to RPM Format
The next step is to convert the Debian package that you want to install to RPM format. To do this, you need to use the tazpkg command, which is the package manager of Slitaz. You can find the tazpkg command in the terminal, which you can access by clicking on the Applications menu and then choosing System Tools > Terminal.
In the terminal, type the following command, replacing package.deb with the name of your Debian package:
tazpkg convert package.deb
This will create an RPM file with the same name as the Debian package in your home directory. For example, if your Debian package is called foo.deb, you will get an RPM file called foo.rpm.
Step 3: Install RPM Package on CentOS
The final step is to install the RPM package that you have converted on your CentOS system. To do this, you need to mount your CentOS partition and copy the RPM file to it. You can use the mount command and the cp command in the terminal for this purpose.
First, you need to find out which partition is your CentOS partition. You can use the fdisk command or the blkid command to list all the partitions on your system and identify your CentOS partition by its label or UUID. For example, if your CentOS partition is /dev/sda1, you can type:
to see its label or UUID.
Next, you need to create a mount point for your CentOS partition. You can use any empty directory as a mount point, such as /mnt/centos. To create and use this directory as a mount point, type:
mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/centos
Replace /dev/sda1 with your CentOS partition device name.
Then, you need to copy the RPM file that you have converted to your CentOS partition. You can use the cp command for this purpose. For example, if your RPM file is called foo.rpm, type:
cp foo.rpm /mnt/centos
This will copy the RPM file to the root directory of your CentOS partition.
Finally, you need to unmount your CentOS partition and reboot your system. To unmount your CentOS partition, type: aa16f39245